Scenic Lawrence Brook
Home Animals PLANTS Canoeing Sceneries Landmarks History



Trees and shrubs


Ferns  and  Others


   - Thanks for reporting errors

Herbaceous plants [invasives are indicated in red]
 Striking  red vertical  flower, it  cannot  be missed

Moccasin Flower, an orchid (Cypripedium acaule)

Wood Anemone
(Anemone quinquefolia)
Cardinal Flower
(Lobelia cardinalis)
Touch-me-not, Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
Also  named water willow Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), an invasive plant.  
Swamp Loosestrife
(Decodon verticillatus)
Purple Loosestrife [invasive]
(Lythrum salicaria)
Rose Mallow (Hibiscus moschetus)
Blue Flag
(Iris virginica)
Marsh Marygold (Catha palustris) Canada Lily (Lilium canadense) or Turk's-cap lily (Lilium superbum)
Blue   vervain (Verbena hastata) Same family as stinging nettle, but does not  have the stinging  barbs

Blue Vervain
(Verbena hastata)

Solidago sp.
Fase Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica) Stinging Nettle
(Urtica dioica)
Legume family. Leaves havemedicinal  properties (laxative) Swamp  milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) in the spring. Favorite  plant  of  monarch  butterflies arifolium = leaves like those of an arum
Wild Senna
(Senna hebecarpa)
Swamp Milkweed
(Asclepias incarnata)
Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) Halberdleaved Tearthumb (Polygonum arifolium)
Was used for mats and to  fill pillows. Common names:  woolgrass, club-rush, bulrush,  deergrass and grassweed. Also known as Stickseed. Seeds stick to clothing.
Beggar's Lice
(Hackelia virginiana)
 Stilt Grass [invasive]
(Microstegium vimineum)
Pearly Everlasting
(Anaphalis margaritacea)
Evergreen leaves. Each  berry  comes from the  fusion of 2 flowers and shows 2 "eyes."
Spotted Wintergreen
(Chimaphila maculata
(Mitchella repens)
Mugwort [invasive]
(Artemisia vulgaris
Swamp  candles (Lysamachia terrestris) Whorled Loosestrife
(Lysimachia Quadrifolia)
Smartweed (Polygum sp.)  NJ  state  flower; sororia = of the sister Invasive.
(Polygonum sp.) (Polygonum sp.) Common Blue Violet
(Viola sororia)
(Vinca minor)
 (syn. Fallopia japonica, Reynoutria japonica) invasive,  difficut  to  readicate
Jap. Knotweed [invasive]
(Polygonum cuspidatum)
Virginia  Knotweed (Persicaria virginiana)  
early plants look  like people-like standing leaves Gold finches love their seeds
Creeping Jenny or       Twopenny grass
(Lysimachia Nummularia)

Canada Mayflower - early (Maianthemum canadense)

Skunk  Cabbage
Symplocarpus foetidus
Bull Thistle
(Cirsium vulgare)
  Pokeweed or inkweed (Phytolacca americana). Its  berries are toxic. In colonial times,  the  juice of its  berries was used as ink.
  Pokeweed (toxic)
(Phytolacca americana)
May Apple
(Podophyllum peltatum)
Garlic Mustard (1st year)
[invasive](Alliaria petiolata)


Spring ephemerals

A spring ephemeral  is a  plant that appears and blooms in  the spring, then dies back to its underground parts.

A spring ephemeral. Also named Eastern spring beauty, Virginia spring beauty and fairy-spuds  
 Spring Beauty
 (Claytonia virginica)

Yellow Trout Lily
(Erythronium americanum)

Wood Anemone
(Anemone quinquefolia)

Other Local  Spring Ephemerals :

Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's Breeches)
Hepatica nobilis (Hepatica)
Houstonia caerulea (Azure Bluet)
Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot)
Thalictrum thalictroides (Rue Anemone)